Answers to Old Questions – 5
- 1- 6 Ten thousand rupees is an amount. It is considered as a singular
- 2 – a. attended (did + attend)
In tag questions none, anyone, someone, everyone etc take the subject they.
- 3 – b. herd of cattle
team of players
group of students
fleet of ship
- 4 – c built (active – simple past )
was / were built (passive)
built + what ? = a bridge (object)
Object becomes subject in the passive sentence
- 5 – b speaks very good û
Speaks very well ü
- 6 – a Parts of speech means word classes.
We have 8 word classes : 1. Noun 2. Pronoun 3. Adjective
- Verb 5. Adverb 6. Preposition 7. Conjunction 8. Interjection
- Noun is a naming word. (Name of anything and every thing)
- Pronoun is a substituting word.
eg: He, She, They, it, one, we, I, You are
Instead of Ravi – he
Instead of Radha – she
- Adjective is a qualifying word.
(It is a describing word)
eg : black bird (black describes bird)
high price (high qualifies the noun price)
- Verb is a doing word
eg: write, wash, teach, bring, go
- Adverb is a modifying word. It modifies a verb or an adjective or
eg: 1. He will soon return
(soon adds to will return)
- She fought bravely
(bravely modifies fought)
- She dances very speedily
(Speedily modifies the verb dances. Very modifies the
- Preposition is a relating word.
eg: a) Jack and Jill fell down
- b) I am never late for school
on, in, at, of, by, off, till, out, with, across, about, below are prepositions
- Conjuction is a joining word
eg: a) Reghu and Hari are friends
- b) She came after he had left
- c) I will stay here until you return
- Interjection is a word of feeling
eg: oh ! oh good ! Alas ! Hurrah
- 7 – d I ( First Person) is changed into the person of the Reporting Subject
Verb am leaving (Present) is changed into its past form
(was leaving) because of the Reporting subject, said (past)
Tomorrow is changed into the next day
- 8 – a and d.
Excellence û excellence ü
Diarroea û diarrhoea ü
- 9 – d
Put out – extinguish
Put down – write something / use force to stop people opposing
Put off – Postone
Put up with – folerate
Put across – communicate
Put on – wear
- 10 – c
- 11 – d sits in an arm chair
Sits on a bench
- 12 – a
- 13 – a
- 14 – d
Had I known this = If I had known this
Note : If + past perfect (had known) points out that it is a III type if in
a III type If structure, ‘If’ is followed by past perfect and the main clause part takes conditional perfect tense.
Conditional Perfect Tense Forms :
- Would have + P.P
- Should have + P.P
- Could have + P.P
- might have + P.P
- ought to have + P.P
- 15 – a a university
- 16 – c
- 17 – c
- 18 – b former x latter
Earlier x later
- 19 – c
Note : his friends comes nearest to the verb. It is taken as subject.
- 20 – b to nota bene = noted carefully and important
- 21 – b
Note : Here, Tagore is one among the greatest poets
So in the comparative degree, it should be greater than many other.
In the case of Tagore is the greatest, it should be greater than any other.
- 22 – c Every adult is the subject in the tag question, the subject is they.
- 23 – d III type if
If + had wanted (past perfect)
In the main clause, would have trained (conditional perfect)
- 24 – a at my uncle’s home
- 25 – d Yes or No question.
The connector whether is used. Instead of have you read, the reported
question is you have read.
You (II person) is changed into the person of the Reported Object
Have read is changed into had read because the Reporting Verb
(asked) is past.
- 26 – b will help whom ? = the poor boy (object)
It becomes the subject in the passive voice.
Will help (active)
Will be helped (passive)
- 27 – d Two things are compared. Superlative degree (the best) is not
Possible. The suitable word is the comparative (better)
- 28 – a anaesthesia
- 29 – b
- 30 – c dismal = gloomy
- 31 – c collusion = a secret arrangement
Collision = crash into / clash with
Coagulation = change from fluid to solid state
Coalition = a union of two or more parties
- 32 – b Simple sentence contains only one verb
Here, we have two verbs (are and can do)
We should avoid one verb.
are is changed into being (participle)
- 33 – b exparte – one sided
- 34 – c idiocy x sagacity
- 35 – a garland of flowers
Swarms of flys
Herd of cattle
Cluster of stars
- 36 – c Call for = demand / require
Call on = visit a person
Call at = visit a place
Call off = cancel
- 37 – b
- 38 – d would you mind + ing
39 39 – b lad x lass
- 40 – a II type if.
If + went (past simple)
Main clause + could see (modal past)
- 41 – b
- 42 – a
- 43 – b an hour
- 44 – c which one of the three (subject singular)
Answersw (verb – singular)
- 45 – d
- 46 – b 2009 indicates past action so ran (past)
- 47 – c III type if clause
If + hadn’t stayed up (past perfect)
Main clause + wouldn’t have yawned (conditional perfect)
- 48 – a along the river bank
- 49 – c
- 50 – a wh – question. No connector like whether or that.
Are you working should be changed into you are working
You (II person) should be changed into the person of the Reporting
Are working à were working
But the subject is he (singular). So was working.
(മൂന്നാംവഴി സഹകരണമാസിക സെപ്റ്റംബര് ലക്കം – 2023)